Net C Online

Pay money to the city

From my home in Beecroft go up the Broadway area of ​​Sydney, Australia, if you look on GPS like it will show up three suggested routes with three different distances and times. The route has the fastest time associated with the words "this route has tolls", meaning "this way must go through the toll booth".

Reasonably, if you want to shorten the travel time for nearly 20 minutes, you have to pay a little more, about 7.5 Australian dollars. Although the amount is just over half the price of popular Pho in Sydney, people here still think it is quite expensive, so only when they are really needed, they can use the toll road. If not, then take a leisurely drive on the free routes. That is not to mention the train system, public buses are always full of convenience, almost every corner is reached.

These days I think of the 34 toll booths that the Transport Department is proposing to set up around the gateways to Ho Chi Minh City with the goal of reducing congestion. It is a problem that no people do not want to improve.

If there were fewer vehicles to travel, Ho Chi Minh City would probably receive the benefits that include the reduction in the number of traffic accidents, the level of environmental pollution and noise, urban management and the quality of life of Residents promise to also improve significantly. The benefits are so obvious, why are there still so many mixed opinions?

Perhaps many people, especially the car drivers are doing business living in the largest economic center of the South still freaking out, because suddenly they were placed in a stance. I would like to add a perspective, first of all the practicality of the project. Remember a few decades ago, when Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew wanted to put a stop to street vendors in the Singapore island nation during the early days of founding the country, a lesson in practicality was drawn and recorded by him. back in my memoirs.

General idea, when he put the street vendors into "a cage" market but really decent, spacious but still failed, like "abducted forks". The reason is simple, because the sale on the roadside is free and the market is sold in the government cages. After that, he had to change tactics, free for all if he gave up the roadside to go to the market. As a result, everyone is happy to cooperate. And soon, they were happy to pay as the business got better. The actual needs and psychology of the people in this case have been heard.

Back to the project of placing 34 toll booths around Ho Chi Minh City, the need to move into the city center through many different gateways, by various means is justified and practical. The presence of toll booths certainly will not take away this essential need, but just coordinate the form of transportation, which is instead of using a car, use other means ( as some called).

"Other vehicles" with the majority of the Vietnamese population up to this point are almost nothing but motorcycles. If because of tolls, a percentage of people sitting in cars that change to motorbikes may exacerbate the traffic situation.

Toll stations are often located on newly built roads for the purpose of recovering initial investment costs. With roads that have been used for a long time, people actually pay the toll, investors have no reason to charge more if there is no public reason. And even if new roads are built along with the toll booths, the old roads are maintained so that people have a choice according to their budget.

Because if there's no choice, the service provider or, in this case, the contractors of the toll booths, even the government - the one who is supposed to provide public services to the people. - has automatically become the exclusive service provider, something that the Consumer Protection Law never allows. At that time, the station fee was no longer a "fee", but became a "tax", because it was a mandatory fee. People are considered as taxpayers.

For car users and driver drivers, they are also consumers, so in the project to set up toll booths around the city, who will protect their rights? Who will supervise and decide the fee so that it is fair and reasonable? And who will blow the whistle when these charging stations silently extend the bluffing toll day beyond the time allowed? It is a series of questions that people need to know before the government installs toll stations in the inner city of Ho Chi Minh City, which makes people think of the recent BOT problem.

Protecting consumers is a long story but after all, the most effective way to protect them is to give them a choice. This choice requires service providers to constantly improve and compete more in terms of quality and price. Without it, all road improvement solutions, if any, would later become vulnerable or hampered because of conflicts of interest with existing toll booths.

No one likes traffic jams but no one wants to be forced or helpless before feeling unhappy with the monopoly charging stations. They need to have the right to choose, need the second, third roads next to the toll road. The "roads" in the broad sense, besides the path, also include public transport, macro solutions.

In addition, I think that it is necessary to consider the feasibility and reality of the idea. Toll stations have never been a real solution to traffic congestion, which is a tool to recover investment costs for newly built roads. Here, the government wants to charge with the expectation that motorists will no longer ride. Toll stations will also not be strong enough to limit drivers to use cars in the current situation, unless the metro system or public bus system is relatively complete, civilized and convenient. Catholic. Otherwise, people still choose to use cars with a high fee but congestion is still congested. Suffering only for drivers must rely on the paths that live.

It is the other "road" options that are the solution, and are clearly missing in the project of the Department of Transport. That is the root of the problem.

Ly Qui Trung

One fell down in front of my house

When I was Minister of Home Affairs, Mr. Do Quang Trung came to visit my house in the temple village. My mother said, "It is very precious to have the Minister visit his family". Mr. Trung quickly said, "Grandma, it is not the Minister who visits but I visit the place where my father was raised and thanked my family".

The story is that when I was temporarily occupied, under the altar in the middle of my grandparents' house there was a secret vault. His father, Do Quang Trung, was born during Viet Minh's activities, who had been secretly hiding in my house for months, being protected and cared for by my grandmother and mother. Later, Grandma was awarded a certificate of merit by the Government signed by Prime Minister Pham Van Dong.

One night when my commune was still in a temporary capture area, a Viet Minh officer was chased by French soldiers and shot dead in the yard in front of my house. His name is Quang, from Vinh Thuong village in the same commune as me.

Vinh Thuong village is famous for growing vegetables, guava and there are three famous people named Hoang Cam. Poet Hoang Cam with the poem La Dieu Bong, he raised Hoang Cam with a smokeless kitchen during the war and General Hoang Cam. All three have now become ancient people.

That night, Mr. Quang sat guard for a group of Viet Minh cadres meeting on the edge of the lagoon in front of my house when French soldiers patrolling discovered. Mr. Quang fled to my house because he knew there was a secret tunnel. French soldiers chased him. When Mr. Quang ran to the yard, French soldiers opened fire. He was hit by a bullet and collapsed in front of the house.

My eldest brother, Nguyen Gia Huong, said that when he heard the gunfire crackled, he was very young and lying down with his mother. My mother had to press his head down and hug him. After Mr. Quang's death, my grandmother rushed out and searched Quang's bags to see if there were any documents of Viet Minh, then he hid them and covered them with incense, put incense on him and put a lamp oil next to the body. French soldiers questioned why she helped the Viet Minh. She said she did not know who was Viet Minh, but only knew that someone died, she had to do so because it was a Vietnamese custom and that person died on her home land.

Even so, the French soldiers still forced my grandmother to pay a fine of rice for "relating to Viet Minh". She eventually had to carry a load of rice to Giang's boots about three kilometers from home. Later, my brother still dug a warhead on the wall of the house from a French soldier's gun that shot Mr. Quang.

One morning, I saw two strangers coming to my house. They claim to be Mr. Quang's family in Vinh Thuong. They came to see my father to confirm that Mr. Quang had died at my door while on duty to request to recognize Mr. Quang as a martyr. Meaning that dozens of years after Quang's death, the family asked the authorities to recognize him as a martyr. My father confirmed Mr. Quang's sacrifice. But since then, I don't know if their family has received government certification for his sacrifice. When meeting with my father, the members of Mr. Quang's family said that they asked the government to recognize Mr. Quang as a martyr not to give his family some benefit but to make history go back to what he had done. takes place.

Every time I entered the house of my grandparents in the temple village, I had to walk through the yard where Mr. Quang had fallen and I always pictured the night Mr. Quang was shot dead. The wall where the French soldiers' heads were filled has been changed, but I feel like the warheads are still there. In a poem about to publish, I wrote the following verses:

Dear Mom,

Blood flowed from our yard to the far hills.
There was a person who fell down in the night.
There are millions of people falling at dawn.
I bent down to raise any soil.
Are hot and vibrating.

Perhaps Mr. Quang was recognized as a martyr and maybe not because of the paperwork in our country is a shock. But no matter what, Mr. Quang has become a never-fading image in me. When I was still alive, my grandmother told me that sometimes Mr. Quang came back and stood in the middle of the yard. Later my mother also saw.

And when I was young, I also saw the shadow of people standing in the yard where Mr. Quang was shot and then quietly vanished. At first I thought it was a thief. After thinking about it, I believe that Mr. Quang's soul came back. Please bow to remember him.

Nguyen Quang Thieu

Mother's lisp

In 2001, I studied Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL, teaching foreign languages ​​with computer support) in Australia. Returning home and working at the Multimedia Center of the University of Foreign Languages, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, I was asked to speak and write a presentation on this issue.

Eager and full of enthusiasm, I thought what I had given was well received. But I was shocked. My boss, who is a French teacher, annoyed me because I "mixed" English into my writing and speech. He criticized me with harsh words such as "hybrids", "show off", "show off in the West".

I was shocked because none of the adjectives he described correctly mentally. I used those words because I could not find words in Vietnamese with the same meaning or equivalent. I share my memories with technology engineers who often come to my center to work. You acknowledge that there are some English words about information technology that are popular and used in Vietnam such as chat, internet, log in, log out, connection ... however, most of these words and The English words I use have similar words in Vietnamese. At that time, I disagreed because I could not describe the words of Vietnamese equivalent.

Gradually, in Vietnam for a longer time, I became more comfortable with words I didn't know or didn't like to use: account activation, login, interface ... From there I observed and found That the trend of inserting English in communication is increasingly popular among young people, even if the speaker is not fluent in this language. English is sometimes inserted as a "fashionable" to be stylish. I laughed many times when I listened to it and could not figure out what the young people said. At that time, I understood why the boss said I was "hybrids" and "liked to show".

I have come across quite a lot of people who have this "disease", and they speak Vietnamese with a small foreign language because they cannot find equivalent words. Even though they are very heavy, they still understand but cannot understand or speak in Vietnamese. I call this a "mother tongue" disease.

Lack of native language is also a problem for many Vietnamese children in foreign countries. Children may be born in Vietnam, speak Vietnamese well before going abroad, but due to contact at school and in society, there is very little need to use Vietnamese. Moreover, Vietnamese is considered the language of the ethnic minority group (minority group) - not respected in the community, many children just like to speak the native language to integrate easily. If parents do not persist in helping their children maintain Vietnamese at home, they will gradually want to communicate in the most familiar language.

I have seen conversations between my friends and their children in Germany and Australia. Parents speak Vietnamese, children speak German or English. My friend sometimes went crazy because he encouraged his children to refuse to speak Vietnamese while his German was limited, I could not fully understand what he was saying. Sometimes my father raised his voice.

But the problem is not only for Vietnamese children in foreign countries, but for many domestic children. More significantly, the lisp sometimes pays a lot of money and effort. Many families have created a foreign language environment for their children very early. Children are allowed to invest in an international school with foreign teachers from the age of preschool, with a very reasonable expectation: to have a good language skills. This expectation is in line with the idea that children learn foreign languages ​​as soon as possible, or children who know foreign languages ​​often have sharp and intelligent thinking.

No work has yet denied that multilingual children often have good thinking. But there are many studies suggest that children should be fluent in their mother tongue before learning a new language, avoiding the phenomenon of "double semi-lingualism" or "mixing languages" (code mixing).

The "half-hearted" phenomenon was introduced by Hansegard in 1960 and is widely used by linguists such as Scovel, Skutnabb-Kangas-Toukomaa, Cummins or Hamers-Blanc to describe the state of mother tongue proficiency. the foreign language is not well understood by immigrant children "Mixing language" is a concept in the language application industry, only the mixing of two or more languages ​​in communication, often used by bilinguals. Mix language is a common phenomenon and is easily accepted in communication between people who know the same languages, but not suitable when bilingual people communicate with monolinguals.

Moreover, learning a foreign language is learning a culture. When western cultural norms are confused, the communication effectiveness will be limited. Many parents moved their children out of international school because they met everyone who just greeted "hello", met grandparents who did not fold their arms or bowed politely, parents said that they were not satisfied with hearing.

In real life, adding foreign languages ​​into Vietnamese is not a strange phenomenon. But the Vietnamese language girl on television was criticized probably in the culture of public speaking, when not everyone knows or accepts the arbitrary use of foreign languages ​​in the media.

After all, language is for communication purposes. Whether or not the goal is achieved depends not only on what you say, but also in part on the sensitivity of your communication. And no matter what language you speak, if they are not set in an appropriate cultural standard, the communication effect is not high.

Tran Thi Tuyet

Inequality of opportunity

My teenage friend earned a PhD in economics from less than 30 years old in the United States. He was one of the first Vietnamese people to come to America to study. From the day he passed until now, when he retired, he had a very successful career in the country. After retiring from a major international organization in Washington DC, he is still busy working as an economic adviser to the government of a Middle East country.

Recently, after returning to visit his hometown, a city in Central Vietnam, he confided "I feel so lucky". Most of the same age friends, in the same circumstances as his childhood, are still struggling every day with many jobs to make a living. "The other brother is just an opportunity to study abroad," he said. From that turning point, my life is far different from my friends.

Maybe my friend is too humble. Those who study abroad and then stay in the US to work, like me and him, also undergo personal efforts, facing the loneliness of people who are far from home, always try to not be underestimated because they are Asian immigrants.

But I thought about my old high school friends from Amsterdam school in Hanoi. Up to a third are currently residing abroad.

College classmates are mostly staying in Hanoi to build careers, very few return to their hometown. We all have in common is that we want to live where we have the most opportunities. But there are still people in the countryside, doing small businesses, farming or working as hired labor, of course they choose their opportunities. I used to ask why one person stays in their home country, they say that because the city is so hard to live, because they don't know it, don't have the capital, don't know how to buy a house ... This, actually, is very different from the other's difficulty.

Vietnam's economy has continuously grown in the past few decades. Inequality measures such as the Gini coefficient are relatively stable compared to many countries. But society still "classifies" people according to different opportunities, depending on the family situation and where they live.

Not far from now, students who "get" fix their university entrance exam scores in some provinces mostly fall into families with money or rights. Countries with advanced education like the US are also noisy Hollywood stars running into college for their children. Many observers believe that President Trump won the election thanks to the very good exploitation of the opportunity inequality aspect of different social classes in the election speeches. For example, he stated that illegal immigrants are not allowed to receive equal rights and opportunities as US citizens.

The inequality of different groups of people in society is explained by three main factors. Firstly, by personal effort. For example, those who study better often pass the university with a higher score. Skilled doctors and engineers are more rewarded for their work. Second, due to favorable circumstances or not, also known as favorable weather, or luck. Third, due to the different opportunities of each person. Children who have similar abilities but who are born in different family circumstances lead to them having different advantages and different success in life.

Of the three factors mentioned above, world economists have recently inclined to conclude that opportunity inequality is a factor we need to eliminate. This perception is very important, because for a very long time, Vietnam or some countries have focused too much on the equalization and raking of labor results for nearly the whole society. In the meantime, the manager forgot to identify which factors created the "bad" inequality that needs to be overcome.

Misdirection from social management thinking will have serious consequences. For example, for nearly three decades, the state focused farmers in cooperatives, forcing them to share the same tools and production conditions - with the aim of eliminating income inequality. . But this movement turned out to have eliminated the individual economic dynamics, resulting in the opposite, exhausting the economy's production.

After that, the government corrected the land by assigning land to households. Vietnam has had to import rice to become one of the world's leading rice exporters. The allocation of land to each household actually creates equality of production opportunities, indirectly recognizing positive inequalities in outcomes - households who try to grow well will harvest well, have more income.

Opportunity inequality also distorts all fair competition, leaving the economy unable to function optimally. For example, if Enterprise A works worse than Enterprise B, but there is internal information about a land clearance project to build roads and win a bid, A has more opportunities than Enterprise B to develop further. .

An economy that is not built on healthy competition with equal opportunities to sift out the best businesses will be lagged behind the world. Even in the long run, inequalities between social strata are so great that they stem from opportunity inequality that can cause social insecurity and disorder.

When looking at and assessing individuals and groups differently, managers need to pay more attention to inequality opportunities, although they are sophisticated and difficult to identify, but are likely to be the potential cause for different results. Managers who understand this can improve their social competencies.

Opportunity inequality can actually be mitigated by policy. For example, in the field of education, if we allocate a reasonable budget there will be no situation in some remote areas, students have to swing across the river to go to school; or lectures and reference materials from primary to tertiary courses, if integrated into an open learning database, all people who wish to study on their own can access online - providing educational opportunities sex for a lot of lives.

The UK and the US have the best university education and research in the world partly because their top universities are fully autonomous private universities, Vietnam can also learn from similar experiences and move forward. promote university autonomy so that private schools have equal opportunities with public schools. From there, education will change.

Dang Hoang Hai Anh

Death of Highway 5

In the early morning of July 23, three fatal traffic accidents simultaneously occurred on Highway 5 and a week later they were constantly talking about the inadequacies that need to be repaired right away of this road ... Half a year ago , this same road had an even more horrific accident, with 8 people killed, and the road's inadequacies were mentioned just like in the past week.

The most visible problem of National Highway 5 is that hundreds of perpendicular ways of life have been opened to connect the route with the people's crossroads. These perpendicular openings make it possible for drivers to detect vehicles entering the lane only at a distance where they have no choice but to choose any solution other than going straight or braking sharply. In the design of Road 5 there cannot be such open paths, in theory, all of those crossroads must be overpasses or underpasses for people. But to ensure that, Highway 5 will be the most special road in the world because of the overpass density.

Highway 5 was renovated and upgraded in 1996. At that time, this was the most modern road in Vietnam with the standard grade 1 road, which was planned to be part of the trans-Asia route. And of course traffic capacity by design is to ensure the infrastructure conditions of highway 1.

According to the standard of the plain grade 1 road, the safety corridor is prescribed to be 17 meters from the edge of the road. But so far all houses built within the road safety corridor of Road 5 have been licensed for construction. That makes 100 kilometers of this road the nuance of an inner city route.

It is impossible to build overpasses for hundreds of roads created by residential areas springing up by the irresponsibility of local authorities on either side of the road 5. The only thing that can bring safety to the road 5 In the current context, it is a change of road grade, taking it from a plain grade 1 national highway to urban road standards. That means lowering the speed of traffic from 90km / h to 50km / h, and placing speed humps on the whole route, installing traffic lights for hundreds of intersections.

Turning a hundred-kilometer highway into urban roads is unprecedented precedent, because that means the death of highway 5. But with the arrival of the Hanoi-Hai Phong highway, This is a perfect fit, apart from a single factor that is the BOT road. When erasing road 5 as a national highway, the Hanoi - Hai Phong expressway is the unconventional transport option, with vehicle traffic being the entire transport demand of the Hanoi - Hai Phong axis. Of course, what you need to do is to recalculate the rates, and the charging time.

Abolishing national highway 5 and completely replacing the Hanoi - Hai Phong highway on the basis of re-calculating vehicle traffic and BOT charges is the only way, and can be done immediately, to ensure safety for residents. live on this road of death. However, in the long run, what to ensure the Hanoi - Hai Phong highway does not turn into another road of death?

How long will it take for the classrooms to grow up on the safety corridors of the highways again? How long will it take to see the new urban areas and new residential roads on either side of the road? The answer depends entirely on the ability of the local authorities to manage and comply with the laws along the route. And this dependency is fundamentally fragile.

More than 10 years ago, when the Ho Chi Minh road to the southwest of Thanh Hoa, north Nghe An, was just asphalted, I was surprised to witness Tho Xuan people sobbing on motorcycles because they saw the asphalt for the first time. Less than 10 years after the opening of the Ho Chi Minh Highway, people do not recognize the desolate hills and mountains along this route. Houses and shops have sprung up close to both sides.

Right at the gate of Hanoi, the Hanoi - Bac Giang highway, with the southern end of Phu Dong Bridge has now become a spontaneous service center crowded like a rural market. From Phu Dong Bridge to Thanh Tri Bridge, people sell bread and fruit on emergency lanes like street pavements comfortably.

The life of the roads can only be maintained based on the ability of local governments to guarantee the law. But when neglecting people to go to the streets to do business, and to live as a benefit of the leaders of the local governments, all roads will be put to death.

Highway 5 is dying when people have no other way to ensure safety is to lower the traffic speed below the standard. And will the death of Road 5 be unique or not?

Pham Trung Tuyen

'I know who is not?'

"Do you know who I am?" - I once uttered a saying with similar nuances, when I was a qualified cadre.

A few years ago when I was working at my old unit, I once had to park a motorbike near the gate of a supreme judicial office in Hanoi. Although I was parked close to the sidewalk, not in the protected area, the soldier still issued "reminders" to request movement. At noon, in the midst of urgent business, I sent a sentence to the soldier, reminiscent of the "dignity" difference between me and him. Though not uncultured like "do you know who I am?" but the meaning is the same.

After saying that, I was startled and hurriedly looked for another place to park. For a long time, every time I read the story "Do you know who I am" in the newspaper or on social networks, I would blush.

Try searching on Google, more than 14.6 million results with the keyword "do you know who I am". Turns out, this sentence has become the mouth of a large number of people who claim to be powerful and powerful in society. Police inspection when violated. Parking vehicles in contravention of regulations. Even trash not in the right place. Entrepreneurs, civil servants, drivers or violating players are ready to say "Do you know who I am?"

Not only in Vietnam, in some countries, the legal transgressions still occur occasionally. In May 2019, Mexican Environment Minister Josefa González Blanco had to submit a resignation after being criticized for making a 38-minute late departure flight to wait for her.

An Aeroméxico 198 flight passenger said that when the plane was about to take off, the pilot announced that they had to return to the runway because of the "presidential order" to receive the delayed passenger, which was the Minister. . Josefa González Blanco called an airline leader to "ask" for the flight delay.

Have you ever abused your intimacy and abused your family's power for personal purposes? Probably yes. Gentle, please give me a place to study off-line. Please check first or a bed capacity in the hospital is overloaded. Or "give my grandchildren a lame staff at the office".

And if you take the time to observe the traffic police points, it is quite clear. The first thing the offender does is not to present the paperwork and talk about the alleged traffic violation, but to withdraw the phone "call a relative". And of course, this solution is sometimes feasible and should be implemented regularly. To the extent that it is rumored, there are stations where the unwritten law is to allow violators to make comfortable phone calls before both parties "get to work".

It is only thanks to that thanks to the people themselves are aware of their lower position, weaker and have to use words, money support. That is, the subject still has to bend over and rub their hands.

But when you're confident "do you know me" then things have been pushed to a new level. It is not begging, thanks to the nuance of an order. Must be confident in how strong the back is, an offender can order such civil servants.

Linguistically, the question "Do you know who I am" is a fairly simple question. But it is not simple. It is a rhetorical question or in other words an affirmation. Here, the subject of the sentence finds himself taller than a few thanks to phone calls. This statement represents an absolute absolute awareness of its potential for abuse. No more negotiating or fumbling like hospital queuing examples or the "flexible help" type.

The nature of the incident, more precisely, is to show inequality before the law. But why are there such big-mouthed people? It is very difficult to explain in a society intertwined with many relationships, including those that are even more burdensome than the upper-level administrative relations.

That's why there are anecdotes like a businessman pointing to the Chairman of the City People's Committee and threatening that "I will let you quit your job". Or an officer for the traffic police handle his job must be transferred. Or about the story told by Mr. Truong Quang Nghia, Secretary of Da Nang City Party Committee, in Son La, there are businesses standing in front of the People's Committee, only the faces of the directors and deputy directors of the office asked, "If you want to do more, tell me ? ".

Certainly, in these anecdotes, there are many stories not far from the truth. There are obviously individuals outside the power system but systematically holding power. There has been the creation of a group of people, although civilian, but essentially filled with power by helping those with economic rights, in charge of "backyard" areas for this person. others.

Interest groups have been established in which powerful people and some individuals inside or outside the system have ambiguous economic, sex, and spiritual relationships. This leads to a "power distribution" situation. As the Fourth Plenum of the Central Executive Committee of the 12th term has determined that "using the assigned power to serve personal interests or for relatives and acquaintances to take advantage of their positions and powers for self-seeking purposes." ".

And we will see "The king's trade" and the "aluminum" theory ... everywhere. The only difference is in the degree of power being abused but the same in that there is always a corrupt official and the power is bought and sold and expressed in the same saying: Do you know who I am?

This article may come to an end. But I suddenly thought, why can't we say something like, "Do you know who I am? I'm a taxpayer to pay you a salary", whenever we encounter harassment. , met officials who always wished for "petty corruption".

Abuse of power is not allowed but it is also advisable to use your power. Use at the right time, right place.

Tran Anh Tu

The sound of our country

Vietnamese is so good and interesting, but sad: many people don't know how to love it.

Since childhood, I have memorized the lyrics of musician Pham Duy: "I have loved my country since I was born ... my mother lulled far-away sentences". Over the years, Vietnamese has grown rapidly. And unlike many former colonial countries, we are proud that Vietnamese is fully spoken in every school, including undergraduate and graduate students. Vietnamese has been able to convey all the supreme knowledge such as nano physics, advanced mathematics, molecular biology, quantum chemistry. Dictionaries ranging from high school to science majors have been published one after the other.

Many literary and philosophical works of the world have been translated into Vietnamese. In contrast, many Vietnamese works, including very difficult ones such as The Tale of Kiều, have also been translated into foreign languages.

I do science and understand the value of Vietnameseized scientific terms. Especially when compared to Chinese. They have the largest population in the world, have a history of over 5,000 years, but it is really inferior to us when we have to translate foreign names and especially chemical terms into Chinese characters. As a self-taught but hard-working student, I had to help young people, even though they studied for many years in China, when changing chemical names into common terms.

With simple chemicals such as sulfuric acid (sulfuric acid), chlohydric acid (matches), it is not difficult, but with organic compounds such as 2-dimethylaminobenzenecarbonal, almost all of them "die". Even the names of celebrities are extremely difficult to understand. There are approximate phonetic names such as Tu Dai Lam (Stalin) or Liet Ninh (Lenin) that are easy, but countless other names do not really understand who they are. The Japanese are different, they have a Japanese language used to transcribe chemicals and names of foreign celebrities.

Sadly, spelling mistakes for adults is common. Many agencies hang up the slogan to write "productivity" instead of "productivity", "the road often causes accidents" instead of "happening", "cake display" instead of "banh chung", "strictly handling" intelligent "instead of" handling ", and countless other funny examples.

Particularly serious and very common is arbitrary capitalization. Not only the signs but also on television sometimes people arbitrarily capitalize, adore foreign language indiscriminately. We teach students to capitalize only in two cases: after a period or a proper name. In this matter, I have to ask directly that even the names of major newspapers and agencies are not exemplary. Capitalization cannot justify making it beautiful or "used to it". If we lack the role model, how can we criticize arbitrary capitalization elsewhere?

Arbitrary capitalization story we see rife on the streets, in the newspaper, on the internet ... It's time to seriously rectify, if not how can we teach the younger generation to write properly, love their own language ?

Most recently, there was a very heartbreaking story: the score of Literature in the national high school graduation exam. A total of 867,937 students participated in this test. Yet there are 241,615 children below average score, accounting for 27.84%. Literature is not Math but to "bite pen, plump hair"? yet, there were 1,265 students who did not exceed the score of 1. Even, there were 9 lessons with 0 points, 106 exercises with 0.25 points, 443 with 0.5 points and 368 with 0.75 points. I cannot imagine these numbers. Does that mean I don't love Vietnamese?

Our previous generation had never had 27.84% below average score when they took the Literature test or exam. This reflects that these students are completely lazy to read books, lazy to think and have no love of literature. It also reflects that teaching Literature in many schools may not meet basic requirements.

We are fortunate to study Literature with Mr. Hoang Nhu Mai right from the 7th and 8th grade. He has blown into our hearts the love of literature and the pride of Vietnamese. Therefore, all of our students and classmates did not pay any thanks to Teacher, so they had friends like Ma Van Khang, Hoang Tien and many other writers and journalists. Literature is a subject that occupies a lot of hours throughout the educational program from elementary school to high school. Literature and literature in our country and abroad are not missing. Reading literature makes each person grow in knowledge and awareness about life, about human morality. I have tried my best to help maintain the "Read for you" section in an online newspaper.

Each week, I summarize the good, beautiful ideas of a life writing book. I have printed 74 articles and continue writing before I can print them. At least I hope the column will help you not to buy books and don't like to read.

The task of training the words, the words and the words cannot be completely entrusted to the teachers. The role of parents is also very important. No matter how poor parents should make their children a small bookcase. Parents read first and encourage them to read later. Many children still don't know about To Ho's adventure book, Hoai, while this work is famous all over the world. Today, books of authors such as Nguyen Nhat Anh and Nguyen Ngoc Tu have attracted many young people, not to mention countless countless famous foreign works have also been translated into Vietnamese.

Writing this article, I just hope that adults do not write in Vietnamese, do not use capital letters arbitrarily, and may parents please make their children interested in reading. Scholar Pham Quynh once stated: "The Tale of Kieu remains, our language remains; Our language remains, our country remains". The voice of the nation is an irreplaceable heritage.

Nguyen Lan Dung

Buying and selling science

I received the strangest offers in the world: I bought a scientific article for 2 gold.

When working at Korean University, every 4-5 years, we have one year of "leave" to go to another country to work to access new knowledge. Recently, I chose the destination as a large industrial corporation in Vietnam. Here, I see the science environment being transformed strongly. I have received many invitations to co-operate with foreign-funded research projects and write international scientific publications. Including the proposal to "sell" gray matter to others with scientific papers.

Why are scientific papers so valuable? In academia, they are a collection of elaborate research results, published in internationally recognized journals. To get a scientific paper, researchers must pour a lot of sweat, effort and money into laboratory equipment, machines, supplies ... And most importantly, only scientists really serious to be able to write these articles.

For research organizations and scientific people around the world, the paper has great power. The number of articles that determine the quality and international ranking of an organization, the prerequisites of a scientist to be respected, respected and respected.

Because of such tremendous power, the article has its own "monetary value." Right here at Myongji University, I am teaching to improve the rankings on international and national rankings to serve enrollment, within 5 years, the school has a huge budget, about 3 million USD to recruit 100 Postdoctoral students each year. They require each professor to be in charge of two postdoc (postdoctoral fellows). Each graduate student receives a salary of about US $ 30,000 annually with the sole requirement of writing two articles on the SCI list (Science Citation Index). Calculated, each article costs about 350 million.

Because of this attractive funding, we have received a huge number of applications and selected many good scientists from India and Vietnam. This is probably also a form of "buying cards" but is valid and does not violate academic ethics. And at macro level, after 5 years, research capacity and number of projects and projects of the school increased spectacularly.

What I received in Vietnam is understood that the buyer pays to be named as the author or co-author in an article, although they do not contribute to the entire research and writing process. Posts. Who wants to buy? The PhD students who are close to my specialty want to order me to write a newspaper and they have their names on so that the graduation will be quick and easy; Some colleagues want a scientific paper to fulfill their school duties.

I know that some Vietnamese universities require lecturers and researchers to have international articles, and they are greatly rewarded for exceeding the international publication targets. Although the policy of rewarding articles is right to encourage scientists, it is always a form of "circumvention" because people can use the prize money to buy knowledge.

Making a small calculation, I was startled. The price of an average paper of 10 sheets of A4 paper weighing 40 grams is about VND 70 to 100 million - equivalent to 2 gold trees. Thus, the paper is twice as expensive as gold.

The Ministry of Education from 2019 has very strict regulations on international papers for academic titles and degrees. Applicants must have two international papers to secure their doctoral thesis. This is certainly a correct rule, contributing to bringing the degree of education to its true value. However, for those who want to use their qualifications for other purposes, the purchase and sale have happened as I have met.

In addition, there is a phenomenon of using relationships to apply for scientific papers, such as superiors who ask their subordinates who are working abroad to "put" their names in the article, friends ask each other to be "named ké" in the article. For those buyers who have climbed to the high chairs by this approach, an article with 2 gold trees is still too cheap. For the seller, suppose that on average, I have 4-5 articles per year, just a small gesture to add other author names, I was able to earn 300-400 million. The purity of national science then depended only on the academic conscience of the scientist.

How to manage this "science market"? The first thing is that the state should bring the title and degree back to its mission for teachers and researchers, not for promotion. Some major universities such as Hanoi University of Technology, National University, and the requirement that graduate students and graduate students attend full-time are probably the right way to do this. In the new universities, where the ambition to grow the number of research-oriented and research-oriented articles such as the Hanoi University of Science and Technology (USTH) or later, Phenikaa University has had strategies. grow the paper fairly sustainably by investing in an organic research team; Do not accept the buying and selling of gray matter.

From the perspective of educational management, according to experience from Korea where I work, the research capacity of universities and research institutes is only evaluated based on the articles that the author is a professor, a researcher. full-time rescuer for that organization. For postgraduate students, they must also be the main authors of international scientific papers, and must actually participate in research projects of the instructors to graduate.

Immediately rectifying the integrity of scientific research in Vietnam is important so that there will no longer be a problem of buying and selling gray matter, international academics will also reduce questions about our fledgling science.

Vu Ngoc Hai

Patriot

Our story is blooming when one happened to mention Tu Chinh beach. Nature all sag.

It was the first Monday of the week, and I was invited to part with the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of France on the occasion of the end of my term in Vietnam. A lunch among friends should be full of joy and laughter. We talk about each other's work, food, education, sports, music. Then someone mentioned the South China Sea, the faces on the banquet table were filled with anxiety. My favorite eggplant dish suddenly like a straw.

Not only are we Vietnamese concerned because of the absurdity near Tu Chinh beach that happened right in our home, but also our French friends - in a place far away that is not geographically or sovereignly relevant. - Also very worried. They are concerned because an unprecedented behavior of international practice repeated over the past few years on Vietnam's sovereignty waters - a very bad precedent for the region.

I do not believe and do not want to believe that any Vietnamese can be calm knowing that one thing they are doing will lose even an inch of land of the country. And no one will not boil when they hear that the country has been violated literally or figuratively.

Patriot is always difficult to define because "water" and "patriot" are both concepts with a very broad category. Water is a piece of land buried in the umbilical cord, where our ancestral relatives have a career or just a green passport with two Vietnamese words? Is patriotizing the land or loving people of the same race, voice, and people in the same place where we live? Each person has a different understanding. I do not define instead of all this love but only share my feelings with the Fatherland.

As a child, like many children of the same generation, we learned beginner lessons about the love of our country through the verses "love our country, love our people", "our country has forests of gold and silver seas. ", then the stern deterrents, the story of punishing the traitor of the country. At that time, patriotism was a fairly clear concept, it was national pride, loving all people who spoke the same language as themselves and everything around them. Growing up a little, when being exposed more to the world at the same time with difficulties and inadequacies in the daily subsidy takes place, thinking that our country is not a "paradise" came to me a the most natural way. At that time, patriotism was only encapsulated around beloved people and roads and alleys everyday.

My greatest experience of patriotism was the first time I went to France to learn medicine. It was a shock that people called cultural shock when they arrived in Paris. The excitement of the wonders created by man and nature plus the daily material adequacy made me think of a second country. But soon after, I realized I didn't belong here.

Friends who always open their mouths are "thank you, sorry", patients who use all of their French language don't really understand them in their heart, extravagant lavish houses or simply aromatic foie gras Sometimes it's just a brief moment for us to enjoy.

I do not belong there. I have always been a guest in my heart as well as in the eyes of the natives. At that time, the country of Vietnam was like the destination of the boat that I was rowing, trying to overcome many waves to succeed back.

Life continued to go by, I added many years, swept away with "rice and rice money", and gradually forgot that feeling since returning home. Having "plagued" with the annoyance encountered every day should forget both the "love" and "water". The feeling of "choking" only appears when the Vietnamese team overcomes many difficulties to achieve a spectacular victory or when having her, the Vietnamese pupil is honored with high prizes in world competitions.

In my U50 age now, patriotism is about protecting what was considered good in the past as well as promoting the kind things that are increasingly rare in life today. From very small actions like myself not using plastic bags to big things like participating in community projects to fight floods and overcome poverty, I think of two words Vietnam. But the worry for the country does not stop when information about the sea and land is poisoned by harmful projects despite the future, by the giants making money at all costs. And that anxiety multiplies when those "giants" may not come from the country, and bring no spiritual connection to this land to love it.

I think if you have experienced those feelings, you also want to cherish and preserve them to make your country better. So, "patriotic" for me is to know recognize and reject what is damaging this land. So on, there is no need to elaborate patriotism because it has been available to us over the years. Everyone's love, whatever it is, is equally precious.

Nguyen Lan Hieu

Fields in the storm

When floods, landslides and epidemics took away all his business in the blink of an eye, the farmers could only say, "Europe is also heaven."

Vietnam has suffered 9 storms, causing 200 deaths and damage over 20,000 billion VND last year. According to the latest statistics of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the avian influenza pandemic since its arrival in Vietnam from 2004 to 2017 has claimed 1.8% of GDP and the lives of 125 people. In the first months of this year, African swine cholera outbreaks caused losses of trillions of dong.

Eight years ago, when I was a manager of a pangasius processing enterprise with farming areas in Tan Hoa commune, Thanh Binh district, Dong Thap. During the flood season that year, unusually large water broke the banks of a harvested Pangasius pond, next to the area I managed. Pond owner, Mr. Phu said: "I did not expect such landslides so quickly, I have not prepared anything". Usually this situation only occurs during the flood season. He stood dumbfounded watching the assets worth more than 6 billion drifting along the rolling Mekong.

A few days later, I heard that he was selling his fish pond to a business and accepted to work on the same land. The loss was so big that it exhausted the family economy, leaving Mr. Phu in debt.

"Europe is also heaven," he pityed when I had the opportunity to see him again last year. After Mr. Phu lost his fishpond, it was my company 's turn to suffer more than 3 billion dongs when pus and liver disease epidemic broke out. Conventional preventive measures have no effect, the mortality rate is up to 80%. Workers took turns removing fish in ponds all day long. That is also the general situation of a series of enterprises in Pangasius farming area in Dong Thap. Mr. Phu and my company are just two of many empty cases due to abnormal weather and epidemics.

Imagine, if a giant was swept away by the "supercar" with equivalent value, he was certainly compensated by an insurance company. The paradox is that even though they are worth billions of dong, most farmers and agricultural and fishery companies I know do not have any insurance contracts.

Epidemics and natural disasters are unpredictable hazards for farmers in any country, causing serious losses and a long time to recover. Although still a key economic sector, agriculture is less protected than others. In fact, no government can predict all risks in the future, so there is no policy that can help farmers be safe from natural disasters. Therefore, the role of designing an "anti-shock cushion" to minimize the loss from the nature of the state is very important.

Agricultural insurance is the main solution of the problem. People like Mr. Phu can restore production if they are compensated, the economy will also change more positively if there is support from agricultural insurance resources.

The government recognized the story, made many initial statements and policies to support investment in the agricultural insurance market, but few businesses were involved. In the opposite direction, despite understanding the potential risks, but farmers are still not keen on insurance services for plants and animals.

Many causes have been pointed out to explain the situation. However, the core problem of the agricultural insurance problem in my opinion is "benefits and costs". Agriculture is a high-risk area, and the cost of expertise in the case of damage is also very large. To be profitable, businesses have to charge a high fee, low compensation rates, and evaluate customers very carefully. This clearly does not attract farmers who want good compensation with reasonable fees and clear procedures.

From a financial perspective, it is clear that neither side is promised the expected benefits. This is the reason agricultural insurance failed last time.

However, broadly speaking, the benefits gained for the entire economy if agricultural insurance is important. Farmers are compensated by conditional insurance for reinvestment and businesses in the production chain, thus ensuring less damage to the country's revenue and GDP. Therefore, the market needs the leading role of the state.

This is also the approach that has been successful in many places. For example, crop insurance in Korea, central and local governments provide more than 70% of insurance premiums for farmers; The state also pays large compensation, exceeding 1.8 times the total fee. This makes agricultural insurance appealing to Korean farmers.

Another solution is to "specialize" individual insurance packages. For catfish farmers like Mr. Phu, due to the peculiarity of the ponds located in the sand dune area, which is easy to erode, farmers only need insurance when the dyke breaks. If there is a package of "dyke break insurance", insurance enterprises will be assured because they do not have to pay compensation for losses due to disease or inclement weather. The scope of compensation is narrowed significantly, since the fee is also lower, farmers easily accept.

While waiting for the government's "shock cushion", farmers need to be instructed to create on-site safeguards. Associations and cooperatives will be a prop for growers if there are reserves of funds contributed by members every year and used only in case of abnormal situations.

Epidemics and natural disasters are still a "matter of heaven", and the agricultural sector will suffer a great deal. Millions of farmers have the right to propose and wait for the agricultural insurance policy to be rebuilt and effectively implemented.

Lam Trong Nghia

Rescuing Tan Son Nhat

Tags Le Nam
Rarely, or not yet, has an airport like Tan Son Nhat, the country's major airport, only accessible by an urban road.

Flying from Tokyo to Fukuoka, it takes only 6 minutes by subway from the airport to Hakata Central Station. From there, the Shinkansen and many other train routes spread to the city and surrounding areas. Fukuoka International Airport is one of the few Japanese airports located in the inner city of Fukuoka - the largest city and the gateway to Kyushu Island, southwestern Japan.

Thanks to the gateway location, convenient transportation and intermodal transport connections, close to the city center, although there is only a 2,800 m runway and two paths, Fukuoka Airport is one of the airports. The busiest in Japan.

Yet in the peak season, with railways, buses, express buses, two car parks with a capacity of 1,700 units, many approaches by highways and urban roads, Fukuoka Airport still cannot avoid accidents. traffic jam. The airport website always recommends that passengers use public transport, or should go early to avoid traffic jams.

Back to Ho Chi Minh City, Tan Son Nhat is also very convenient, because it is located close to the center. If I avoid rush hour, it will only take me 15-20 minutes to the airport. If the plane is not late, another hour may take off. So for those who live in the inner city of Ho Chi Minh City like me, imagine the future to go another 30 km by personal means to go to Long Thanh new airport is a less attractive option.

But broadly speaking, among the nearly 40 million passengers at Tan Son Nhat airport, how many people are in the city? We also have millions of international visitors to Vietnam, then almost all the flight needs - both domestic and international - of southern residents are concentrated here. Further, the airport also serves transit passengers who don't care where Tan Son Nhat is in the city. At that time, we would think, if only there was a train connected to the central area to avoid traffic jams, highways or specialized roads connecting to the airport from many directions, there were many intercity buses located right in the airport like Fukuoka. .

In Tan Son Nhat, Truong Son Street carries both the traffic generated by an airport serving 30 million passengers a year and urban transport connecting the east and west of the airport and the Dong. intersection level with many large and small roads. The story of Truong Son Street is stuck for hours, passengers carrying suitcases and running into Tan Son Nhat every year, in the near future perhaps even more often.

But despite opening some new approaches to reduce the load on the Truong Son road, the core issue remains there. Not to mention the internal capacity of the reception, without the mass transit such as the tram or the bus with priority lanes, it is not possible to mitigate the burden on the road network around the airport. This network is both unreasonable as said, and increasingly overloaded, because of an increasingly crowded airport and a growing HCMC. Except for connecting passengers, all other passengers now must accept the irreplaceable option, going through the densely populated areas of the city, to get to and from the airport.

Before discussing the establishment of an air hub in Southeast Asia, we need a gateway airport not only for Ho Chi Minh City, but also for the southern economic region. The airport needs to meet two requirements: sufficient capacity and facilities to handle nearly 40 million passengers (and counting); Convenient area connection by various modes of transport.

Tan Son Nhat as analyzed, cannot meet these two requirements completely. And it will take a lot of time and money, both directly and indirectly, to improve transportation capacity and rearrange access to the airport. Because of the load, Tan Son Nhat needs to be "rescued".

Please discuss whether Long Thanh in the long term can compete with the transit hubs of East - Southeast Asia such as Incheon, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore, Bangkok or not. First of all, with Long Thanh, we can more effectively address the role of a southern economic gateway airport. We will better serve domestic and foreign passengers not living or wishing to visit Ho Chi Minh City. At the same time, with the public transport system, tram or high-speed bus built synchronously connecting with the airport, people in Ho Chi Minh City will feel more secure when arriving at the new airport without fear of traffic jam.

There are two major problems for Long Thanh today: creating capital does not put pressure on the budget, is attractive enough to attract investment; constructing infrastructure to synchronize with airport construction progress.

First of all, finding $ 4.7 billion of capital for Long Thanh is not a small number. Creating a framework for how large capital flows to Long Thanh is still a variable. For investors, airport infrastructure is an attractive investment direction if the airport has potential for passenger growth; Income from aviation services such as takeoff and non-aviation fees such as ground business operations, parking fees, advertising, create a stable source of income and investors have certain discretion in the process. airport construction and operation. The state management mechanism must also be reasonable and transparent to ensure the above two conditions.

The trend of airport privatization originated in the UK in 1987 with the equitization of 100% state-owned BAA. Similar to the Airports Corporation of Vietnam, BAA at that time owned and operated 7 airports including Heathrow - Britain's largest "transit hub". The role of the British government after privatization is to manage the planning of the airport network, to set up regulations on price control and antitrust services.

The BOT model of Van Don airport is the latest example worth checking out. There are also many other privatization models such as long-term lease of the entire airport infrastructure (one-off rent), transfer of airport operating lease rights. These models all have real-world examples.

Next, connecting infrastructure - especially public transport, needs to be implemented synchronously, otherwise Long Thanh will be isolated and not attractive enough compared to Tan Son Nhat. This infrastructure should be included as part of an airport master project, managed by a hub, rather than being separated into a separate project and assigned to another unit for implementation. The new Eastern Bus Station project in District 9 has been completed but does not have connected road infrastructure is a practical example of the lack of synchronism in progress due to different investors, different capital sources and limping in coordination. well suited.

Long Thanh airport needs to be put into full power, both intellectually and financially, to build and put into operation as soon as possible. Time is the most expensive opportunity cost, sooner or later, benefit the country that day.

Le Nam

The bully

I used to have a bad horse, ready to kick me in the face at any time. Dad taught me to step forward, not be afraid, and shout it out loudly.

I grew up on a farm with many horses, each weighing an average of 900 kg. Horses, like a human being or a community of people, have different and distinct personalities. With a giant ferocious horse, controlling it is very difficult, especially when I was only 10 years old, weighing less than 30 kg including boots.

"Jake! Stand in position" - I did as he was told, shouting at the horse. Now that I think back to the memory of a little boy ordering a big horse, I thought the other horses in the barn were looking at each other and smiling. "Alright, baby," Jake's horse must have thought.

Dad taught a lot of lessons, but it was only now that I understood what they meant. He often spent his time at the bedside, reading stories to me before going to bed. Fables about the ferocious dragon that slaughtered villagers.

At that time I also had my dragon. He is a classmate named Doug, a legal body, who bullies me. I was scared of him because I woke up every morning when I woke up, I was afraid to go to school, and I met everyone who asked me how to get rid of that guy. My mother, a devout and pacifist woman, said, "Try to talk to each other." As a result, I was even laughed at and hit him more. Mom talks to Doug's mom. It didn't work either, I still got hit by it.

Father heard the story, he patted his shoulder to tell about his dragon. Richard used to bully his father and Tony. The two of them were scared, each time they finished school, they would run fast. Grandpa said, next time if Richard does, the two of us have to respond. Richard was quite surprised when Dad and Tony didn't run away anymore and counterattacked, since then it didn't dare to touch Dad anymore. The situation is like the story of a father who tells a story of the people of a village, standing together against the dragon with their strength of unity.

It is good to be patient in many cases, but there are times when a mother's humility is not usable. Centuries ago, the Maori tribe near the island of New Zealand emerged with a bloody, bloody warrior culture. The Moriori tribe in the battle, instead of fiercely fighting back, waved the peace flag, wanted to be friends and ready to dedicate a part of the resources to Maori. In the end, all of the Moriori were destroyed.

The Maori tribe, despite being a fierce dragon, bullied Moriori, but upon meeting the mighty Hero, had to change and adapt. The Maori chose to stand in the middle of confrontation and pacifism, making the opponent be wary by the authority soaked in the blood of each warrior. So that Maori can cooperate and have a peaceful life with the British.

Such fables are everywhere. France had to change its way of living with the world after the famous battle of Dien Bien Phu in Northern Vietnam. Japan had to change its attitude to the world after meeting the Allies in 1945. They were all forced to adapt, choosing the path in between.

Each of us can't always hide from the belligerent and bully dragon like the Moriori. So how to face your dragon here? Of course I'm not going to look for it but for the time being, train your inner strength as best you can. I have to prepare for the day it comes to find me. In fact, the dragon is not as strong as it thinks it is. It was like a palace made of paper without a storm. Bullies are really weak.

My girlfriend learns martial arts. Recently, many people told me: "Women should not learn martial arts, only suffer from husbands"; "They will hit other women." No, students are taught that violence is never the first option to solve a problem. We only use it when there is no other way. But the power gained from the ability to protect themselves allows us to live freely, giving us the power against evil dragons when it comes.

Sometimes, I see some Vietnamese knights stop to catch a bandit or stop a crime. Alone alone is very dangerous for them if there are not many people involved in helping. Most of us still keep the mindset: it's not my problem that I don't interfere. But that is your problem. That is the premise of corruption, passive and recession of a society.

Imagine dragons threatening you and everyone. You cannot go outside and face it, nor can you run away from it. You need to prepare.

Jesse Peterson
(Originally in Vietnamese)

Forget children in cars

The 6-year-old died on the second day of class, supposedly forgotten in a school bus, which could have been a nightmare that could have been avoided.

The child is dead, that is the worst. Those who neglect a child in a car to cause death will have to face guilt, face serious legal consequences; In addition, the judgment of the media and friends will be abused by strangers. And especially important, tragedy is completely preventable if we really understand it.

It is this severity, which makes most people mistakenly think that they will never leave a child in the car in the hot summer sun. Therefore, the concept of children being forgotten to death in cars was not cared by anyone, until the incident happened at Gateway International High School, all were shocked and felt strange.

In the world, neglecting children in cars to death is a more common form of accident than everyone's subjective thoughts. On average, one child dies in Canada this way. The United States pretty much, from 1998 to 2018 more than 800 children died because their parents left the car, in 2019 alone, 26 children died. And most cases of child deaths are due to neglect by parents.

Ignorance is what drives a car into a death trap. Children with little skin area, so the amount of sweat released to cool the body will not be as much as adults, so that children are forgotten in a car, their body temperature will increase faster from 3 up to 5 times that of adults.

When the body temperature reaches 40 ° C, the organs begin to disorganize, above 41 ° C begins to heat up and life-threatening, higher than 42 ° C will shock heat and die quickly.

University of California has just published a study in May 2018, experimenting with 6 cars in 35 ° C weather conditions, equivalent to the temperature of August 6 in Cau Giay District (Hanoi), where the child is in class. 1 death.

Accordingly, if the car is parked in the sun, after 1 hour the air temperature in the car is up to 47 ° C, 69 ° C dashboard, 53 ° C steering wheel, 51 ° C seat. Simulation of a 2-year-old child, put in a car in this condition, after only one hour the temperature reaches the threshold of death-threatening heat shock.

If the car is parked in the shade, after 1 hour the air temperature in the car is 38 ° C, 48 ° C dashboard, seats 41 ° C. In a 2-year-old simulation, after 2 hours there will be heat shock.

Even when it's cold, a child who gets left in a car will be dangerous. A study by San Francisco State University showed that a car closes in cold weather at 21 ° C, the temperature in the car rises quite quickly, even when a little glass window is opened, the temperature will change. significant. Specifically: after 10 minutes to 32 ° C, after 20 minutes to 37 ° C, after 30 minutes to 40 ° C, after 60 minutes to 45 ° C, after 2 hours to 49 ° C.

I have looked closely at the annual statistics table in the US from 1998 to now, the people who left children in cars leading to death are mostly parents. Their professions can be teachers, doctors, dentists, nurses, social workers, law enforcement officers, military officers. There was even a rocket scientist.

I agree with the explanations of experts, like David Diamond, a professor of psychology at the University of South Florida, who has spent a lot of time and energy researching the deaths of neglected children in cars. . He thinks this is a matter of memory.

Memory through the basal ganglia, frontal cortex and hippocampus, allows people to do familiar tasks in automatic mode, without the need for conscious thought. Usually, everything goes automatically, even very well. But when the body is tired or stressed, the perception will not be clear because the brain has reduced analytical abilities, impaired ability to plan and think critically.

In fact, the human brain is multitasking, the human memory is flawed. When part of multitasking is lost, one may forget a child, not being aware of the child's neglect in the car, resulting in the child dying a few hours later.

Through the heartbreaking incident of the child at Gateway school, in order to prevent the occurrence of a recurrence, I think the most important thing is that everyone needs to understand the concept of neglecting children in cars. Ignorance will lead to subjective thinking, no effective preventive measures, so disaster will inevitably occur at a certain time in certain circumstances.

The measure against each person's "forgetfulness" is a rigorous process and its compliance. For parents, in order to not forget their children in the car, it is necessary to have some basic skills. For example, a child in the back seat puts a bag or toy in front of them to remind him of his presence. Keep parental stuffs such as bags, backpacks, or mobile phones right next to the child's seat in the back seat. Set up a texting service system or call to remind the school when your child is not in class. Always check the inside of the vehicle before locking.

For schools using school transportation, it is imperative that the school develop a standard process; Teachers, students, drivers, and parents must follow every step of the process closely. Any arbitrary, no process or do not follow the steps of the process, sooner or later will lead to disaster.

The lack of memory causes catastrophic consequences, such as the good surgeon who forgot the cutlery in the stomach of the patient, the veteran pilot with many hours of flight experience landed on the wrong runway. And in those industries, no one dares to depend on the ability of an individual to handle (no matter how thoroughly he can be trained, such as a pilot and a doctor). People look at processes. It is time for society to recognize that there is a kind of threat to children's lives: "forgetting in the car," building security mechanisms, and severely punishing those who fail to comply with the principles of carpet prevention. art.

Tran Van Phuc

Arrest a director

Can we take care of all the issues within our country?

The answer is of course not. The human brain has limits on information processing. As I am now, there are more than 1,000 "friends" on Facebook, which are very limited, still occasionally mistaking one person for another, occasionally jumping in to ask a 2-year-old daughter if she is married.

I married a long time ago, having a baby already, he and her friend smiled and tolerated. Because in our time, along with mountains of information and relationships over the Internet protocol, most can fall into communication overload. "Communication overload" - the English name for this syndrome, is now a very common term. In the context of friends, many scientists claim that our brains can only maintain 150 stable relationships.

If we have been overwhelmed by the media, sometimes mistakenly getting married with our ex, there's no reason for you to be responsible for all the social issues we encounter. Your interest will be allocated according to the situation.

But the serious thing is that we, as an entity called "public opinion," have a huge role in social monitoring and supervision. If the public claims that I am not supervising at all, because today I read too many newspapers, surf too many Facebook already, my brain is tired, will society be at risk?

It is true that society is in danger if it only depends on public opinion. The current "public opinion wave" only solves a very few problems, a few days there is an event, a negative case is randomly picked up for public opinion to comment on social networks. You have no idea how serious you overlooked.

In October 2018, I assigned two reporters to examine the violations of 60 state-owned companies via the Internet. Not to mention: in this era, you can find mistakes of state-owned companies right on the net, but not to the inspector stormed into the headquarters. And they are countless. The survey lasted up to 2 weeks, we found many signs of big and small mistakes of state-owned companies.

In the minutes I got back, there were mistakes going on the search portal. There have been mistakes made in the press since a few years ago. There are signs of violations that have been summarized and reported in a report at the National Assembly session. This of course has been read publicly and reported live on TV, but surely many of you have not had time to watch.

And among them, there are names that this year, have been prosecuted and arrested. A serious economic project is about to take shape.

There are two things I learned after that survey. First, today with an Internet connection, you have access to data on important social issues. Just the keyboard, we can find signs of breaking the law of many objects. They are located online.

But the second problem is that you may have gone through serious things without even noticing. Or you may notice, shiver at the moment of reading, but then forget again. Excess information will create the poverty of attention.

Scholars have long agreed that attention is a type of resource. That is all society. There is a whole field of research called "attention economy". The question is how to best exploit the attention of society as it is only that much, the total does not change while goods and information are increasing.

But economists still focus on the focus to apply to marketing. Even if you're overwhelmed with media, master marketers will still have a way to get you to notice the new brand of toothpaste or instant noodles.

As for social criticism, attention to political issues, macroeconomics or corruption, it is up to the mind. You did not notice, I did not notice, after all, no "public opinion" was formed until people arrested a director.

That is a paradox. In the Internet age, social surveillance becomes convenient. But because of the Internet age, the exercise of monitoring rights presents many challenges.

Attention is a type of resource that has a constant sum in the population. Hotgirl, beauty queen, and more teary dramas, what are we going to do about serious issues?

First, recognizing the limits of the brain is important to everyone. We need to learn how to use our attention like other resources, like physical strength, money. You should not read everything, listen to everything and even comment about everything falling on the screen. This will only make your interest in everything poorer. You must know how to close your browser window, like stopping drinking for health concerns.

Second, more importantly, a state that is promoting democracy and fighting corruption, needs to pay attention to the people's attention. Look at the websites of many public organizations. Everything is equally great there.

From resolutions, decrees, seminars, specialized activities, etc., many pages publish information as if tonight after struggling with your drawing exercise and watching an entire episode Go home with your child After I finished advertising, I will sit there and ponder the information on some "Conference on trade, tourism and investment". This type of news is often gloriously posted on the home pages of many important organizations. I would nod, show the tablet to the wife, and discuss this conference together.

The problem has been said many times: on the Thailand Tourism Board's website, there are only beautiful, beautiful ads for travel. 100% face pages are elaborate landscape photos. In the website of Vietnam National Administration of Tourism, the first 8 photos that appear out of all 5 are seminar photos, unrealistic will think you get lost in the shirt-selling website. That's not to mention the form of expression, very little has changed since the time of the Internet.

Public agencies urgently need a strategy to manage and exploit people's attention to the problems of the country, instead of using their own channels mainly to publish news and conferences. Right now, attention has become a scarce resource, and private marketers are scrambling little by little.

This week, police arrested a director. That is the type of news most noticeable when it comes to macro issues. But there will be so many responsible citizens, never having the opportunity to understand and understand the issues behind, what made that event. The public only knew big holes after arresting a director.

The event of arresting the director will then pass, and the governing body's website will return busy with news of the conference. In an era of scarcity of attention, there seemed to be information systems designed to ... no one cares, until someone goes to jail.

Lord Emperor